Independence Day is one of the most important public holidays in El Salvador. It recognises the signing of the Declaration of Independence in 1821 and is celebrated on 15 September each year.
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Napoleon’s conquest of Spain led to revolts throughout Spanish America. In central Mexico, between 1810 and 1821, there was significant resistance to French rule and the Viceroy was defeated in 1821.
On 15 September 1821, El Salvador signed the Declaration of Independence, joining other Central American countries that had chosen to separate from Spain. The original plan was for New Spain to be controlled by King Ferdinand VII but governed by laws that were separate from Spain.
However, at a request of Parliament, New Spain became the Mexican Empire. El Salvador, which did not want to be incorporated into Mexico, petitioned the United States for statehood, but Emperor Agustin de Iturbide was ousted in a revolution in 1823 and each Central American country was permitted to decide their own fate.